From science to painting and engineering to human anatomy, Leonardo da Vinci was widely considered a Universal Genius due to how many important discoveries and inventions he achieved across so many different fields.
Growing up in Florence in the 1500s, in the midst of the Florentine Renaissance, Leonardo da Vinci had the extraordinary talent of confronting complex problems and taking on ambitious projects, chasing, for example, the dream of flying, a recurring human thought since ancient times.
We have always admired his revolutionary thoughts by which he imagined a world entirely governed by mechanical principles.
In our Museum, after years of studies and scientific research inspired by the creation of his famous machines, we have highlighted the unity of his thinking by reconstructing some of his most incredible ideas.
LEONARDO WAS THE FIRST TO DISCOVER that by counting the number of rings on trees it was possibile to determine the age of the tree.
HE HAD A VERY UNUSUAL WRITING - Leonardo used a strange writing technique that went from right to left and often started to write from the last page and then arrive to the first.
HE WAS A COMMITED VEGETARIAN. Leonardo had a passionate love for animals. He went directly to the markets to free caged birds that were ready to be sold. His peer, Tuscan sailor Andrea Corsali, said that “Leonardo doesn’t eat anything that holds blood.” The phrase, “The day will come that it will be deemed a crime to kill an animal as it is now to kill a man” was attributed to Leonardo.
IT WAS LEONARDO WHO BROUGHT THE MONA LISA TO FRANCE. A still widespread idea is that the Mona Lisa was brought to the Louvre by the Napoleons. It was instead Leonardo who brought it with him to France, and the King Francesco I paid him 4 thousand gold coins (two years of Leonardo’s salary) to do so. The Napoleon troops took instead, without ever returning them, some manuscripts (today known as “The Codes of the Institute of France”).
UNDERSTANDING WHAT THE HEART IS FOR! Before Leonardo it was believed that the heart served only to heat the circulating blood. Believing that the human body was a perfect machine, Leonardo realized that the heart functions instead to pump the blood. Even today this is considered an extraordinary discovery for the time!